The thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located in your neck—below and behind your Adam's apple—made up of four separate lobes. A healthy thyroid typically weighs about one ounce. The thyroid's function is to produce thyroid hormone, which is essential for all your body's functions.
Every cell, tissue, organs of the body depend on the thyroid gland to function optimally.
Everything in your body relies on thyroid hormone—including digestion, the growth of your hair and nails, your sex drive, and the function of your organs and glands. Your brain, heart, and metabolism are especially dependent on the right levels of thyroid hormone to function properly and well. The thyroid absorbs iodine from our food and converts it into hormones.
The two key hormones produced by the thyroid are thyroxine—known as T4—and triiodothyronine—known as T3, whose key purpose is to regulate how your cells, organs, tissues, and glands use oxygen and energy.
Thyroid disease is one of the most common, yet misunderstood and overlooked conditions in the world. About one billion people worldwide are at risk of suffering from different forms of thyroid disorders. Its estimated that in the United States, about 20 million people have thyroid disease.
Thyroid disease is gender specific, females (young and old) make up the majority of thyroid patients. And unfortunately, people who have a thyroid problem but are not yet diagnosed make up the majority of thyroid patients.
There are two major popular types of thyroid diseases among others.
A) Hypothyroidism (under active thyroid)
B) Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid)
HYPOTHYROIDISM is a situation where the thyroid gland is producing insufficient hormones, this gives rise to total under activity of the body system . This is characterized by many symptoms which are:
Common symptoms of hypothyroidism
Inability to lose weight with diet and exercise
Hair loss (including the outer edge of the eyebrows)
Muscle and joint pains/aches.
This is an over production of thyroid hormone in the body, the situation gives rise to over activity of the body system.
Common symptoms of hyperthyroidism
Rapid heart rate (palpitations h
Diarrhea or loose stools
Unexplained weight loss
There are a number of specific diseases—not resulting conditions like hyper or hypothyrodism— that can affect your thyroid gland. Thyroid conditions typically result from underlying thyroid disease. These are:
This is a category of thyroid diseases that involves inflammation of your thyroid gland. Thyroiditis can be caused by antibody attacks on your gland, viruses, and bacteria.
This refers to a condition where the thyroid gland is enlarged in size. Goiter can result from autoimmune Hashimoto's and Graves' diseases, iodine excess and deficiency, and nodular thyroid disease.
This refers to cancer that develops in the thyroid gland. Thyroid cancer is most often found in nodules (fluid-filled or solid lumps) in the thyroid gland. Depending on the cancer's stage, it may spread to surrounding tissue.
Its often called the good cancer.
Symptoms in the neck and thyroid area that can suggest a thyroid problem include:
Visible thyroid enlargement or lump
Discomfort with ties, scarves, turtlenecks, or necklaces
Soreness in neck
In some cases, thyroid diseases and conditions can have no symptoms at all, such as thyroid cancer or certain types of thyroiditis.
CAUSES AND RISK FACTORS
The key risk factors for thyroid disease include
Iodine deficiency or excess
Exposure to radioactivity or radioactive fallout
Overconsumption of soy and goitrogenic foods
Surgery or trauma to the neck area
Pregnancy or recent childbirth
Personal or family history of autoimmune disease
when you are confronted with any persistent symptoms , avoid self medication, see your doctor for a proper diagnoses and treatment.
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